東南アジア

開発途上国ニュースななめ読み-ベトナムが多元的貧困指標を採用

Photograph: Ippei Tsuruga
Photograph: Ippei Tsuruga

開発途上国の貧困と開発に関する記事を切り抜いてまとめました。ヘッドラインのみ掲載していますので、詳しくはニュースソースをご確認ください。

 

EU加盟後、ルーマニアで子供の貧困が悪化(Euronews

Just over one-in-two (51 percent) children were at risk of poverty last year, compared with 50.5 percent when Bucharest joined the bloc in 2007. Romania has the highest percentage of under-18s at risk of poverty in the EU and has fared far worse than its neighbour Bulgaria, which has seen a drop from 61 percent to 45.2 percent over the same period.

 

ネパールの貧困率は悪化する見込み、地震の影響(The Kathmandu Post

The Post-Disaster Needs Assessment (PDNA) has estimated that the quake pushed 700,000 people into extreme poverty. http://bit.ly/1NdK1I8

 

ベトナムが貧困線を1.30ドルへ引き上げ(Thanh Nien Daily

In terms of income, the poverty line will be set at VND700,000 (US$30.6) a person a month in the countryside, and VND900,000 ($39.3) in urban areas, he said. In 2011-15, the benchmark has been VND400,000 ($17.5) and VND500,000 ($21.8) respectively… It is estimated that around 12 percent of Vietnamese households will be regarded as living in poverty and 6 percent near poverty when the new line is applied.

 

ベトナムが多元的貧困指標(MPI)の採用を決定(Viet NamNet

The MPI measures people’s income, as well as their lack of access to basic public services such as healthcare, education, housing, clean water, sanitation and information.

 

ベトナムが中期計画を策定、農村開発と貧困削減へ取り組む(Viet Nam News

Regarding sustainable poverty reduction for 2016 to 2020, the resolution sets a target of an average drop of 1.0 per cent to 1.5 per cent in the household poverty rate and 4 per cent annually in impoverished localities.

 

衛星通信を世界の貧困のモニタリングに活用(City Lab

Citizen surveys are the most comprehensive means available to track poverty, but they aren’t perfect. They cost money, take time, and can’t guarantee accurate responses. Surveys might also not be feasible in many of the poorest pockets of the world where they’re most needed, if these areas are too remote or dangerous; a recent World Bank analysis found that 29 countries had no poverty data at all from 2002 to 2011.

 

気候変動が都市の貧困を悪化させる、フィリピン(Business Mirror

In its latest report titled Shock Waves: Managing the Impacts of Climate Change on Poverty, the World Bank said higher food prices would increase the ranks of the urban poor by 32 percent.

 

貧困削減から不平等の是正へ、カンボジア(The Phnom Penh Post

The World Bank Group is committed to supporting Cambodia in addressing these challenges. Our mission is to end extreme poverty by 2030 and boost prosperity among the poorest 40 per cent in low- and middle-income countries.

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