国際

社会保障文献ななめ読み-ネパール・栄養・税制

Photograph: Ippei Tsuruga
Photograph: Ippei Tsuruga

英国サセックス大学社会保障センターは、開発途上国の社会保障(Social Protection)に関するイベントや刊行物の情報を毎月配信しています。今回はニュースレター11月号の中から気になる文献をまとめました。ヘッドラインと抜粋のみ掲載していますので、詳しくは外部リンク先をご確認ください。

 

社会保障と農業-農村の貧困サイクルを断ち切る(FAO

The State of Food and Agriculture 2015 report finds that social protection schemes – such as cash transfers, school feeding and public works – offer an economical way to provide vulnerable people with opportunities to move out of extreme poverty and hunger and to improve their children’s health, education and life chances. It especially makes the case that social protection measures will help break the cycle of rural poverty and vulnerability, when combined with broader agricultural and rural development measures. The report uses results from the research carried out by the From Protection to Production (PtoP) project and The Transfer Project.

 

社会保障制度の分析・計画へ税制の議論を取り入れる(ODI)

Social protection and tax policy are commonly examined separately, yet they are strongly linked. This paper contributes to efforts to include tax considerations in social protection analysis and design by discussing the key methodological issues in carrying out joint distributional analysis, reviewing the evidence on the incidence and distributional impact of taxes and transfers and discussing alternative tax revenue sources and their implications for social protection financing and sustainability.

 

ネパールの現金給付事業は社会的包摂へ貢献しているか(Oxford Development Studies

It is often assumed that social protection leads to social inclusion and other well-being indicators. Yet evidence of this impact is weak. Cash transfers are a social protection tool designed to reduce poverty which can also have an impact on human development indicators such as health and education. In the district of Sarlahi, Nepal, cash transfer amounts are too low to improve health and education opportunities or productive pursuits and thus to break the intergenerational cycle of poverty. However, the transfer allows beneficiaries to participate more in community activities, increases their access to information and social networks, and enhances the social contract and people’s relationship with the state. This breaks down some of the invisible barriers that perpetuate exclusion. Cash transfers can facilitate social inclusion but are not enough alone to achieve substantive inclusion.

 

ネパールの子供給付は不可触民(社会的弱者)の役に立っているか(ODI

The Child Grant cash transfer in Nepal is targeted at all households with children aged up to five years in the Karnali zone and at poor Dalit households in the rest of the country. Its objective is to improve children’s nutrition. The focus of this study is specifically on how the Grant works for Dalit households. It examines the current issues with the Child Grant programme and identifies six key policy recommendations to improve its effectiveness. A Briefing paper is also available.

 

栄養と社会保障(FAO

This document analyses linkages and complementarities between social protection and nutrition, laying out the common ground between the two.

 

女性の経済的エンパワーメントと社会保障に関する質的研究(FAO

This Research Guide describes in detail the sequencing, timing and methodology of the research process to be implemented in each country of study: training; fieldwork preparation; a simple and clear fieldwork roadmap; the theory of change hypotheses for the studies; guiding questions and research tools. The Guide will be used for conducting qualitative research as part of this programme and will also serve as a basis for future FAO research in social protection and decent rural employment.

 

ネパールにおける社会保障と家計のレジリエンス(UNDP

Following the recent earthquakes in Nepal this article examines the contribution and potential of Nepal’s emergent social protection system towards supporting the resilience of poor households to shocks and stresses.

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